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タイトル: Agri-environmental Policies of Japan and Shiga Prefecture
著者: Nishizawa, Eiichiro
キーワード: agri-environmental payments
reference level
payment rate
policy development
発行日: 2015-3
出版者: The Institute of Comparative Economic Studies, Hosei University
抄録: This paper gives an account of the development of agri-environmental policy conducted by the national government of Japan and Shiga Prefecture. Although the national government used the term “environmentallyfriendly agriculture” as early as the 1990s, it is after the enactment of the Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas Basic Act that concrete agri-environmental policies were put forth in Japan. Shiga Prefecture introduced the Agri-environmental Direct Payment Scheme in 2004, under which grants were paid to farmers who engage in environmentally-friendly farming practices. This scheme served as a precedent for the national agri-environmental payment program, which started in 2007. Changes in the national program in 2011 made requirements more stringent, which lead to fewer participating farmers. Comparing each payment scheme from the viewpoint of rationale for the payment rate, Shiga’s scheme is transparent: the rate is set to the additional cost for halving chemical inputs. On the other hand, the reference level (the base line which farmers are to attain by meeting their own costs) is ambiguous in the former national program, and the level in the current national program is difficult to understand.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10114/9982
ISSN: 09111247
出現コレクション:Journal of International Economic Studies

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